July 18: Nelson Mandela International Day | Daily Current Affairs 2021

July 18: Nelson Mandela International Day

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Nelson Mandela dies at 95
Nelson Mandela International Day 2021

International Nelson Mandela Day is observed on 18 July every year, on the birth anniversary of the former South African President.

Key Points:

  • The day celebrates Mandela’s life and legacy in a sustainable way that will bring about the needful changes.
  • This day is celebrated in recognition of the former South African President’s contribution to the culture of peace and freedom.
  • The day aims to encourage everyone to take action and inspire change in the world.
  • This year marks the 103rd birth anniversary of Nelson Mandela.

Mandela Day 2021 Theme

  • The theme of Mandela Day 2021 is “One Hand Can Feed Another”. The theme highlights the importance of governments and citizens working together to build a peaceful, sustainable and equitable world for all.

Mandela Day History:

  • The UN General Assembly declared July 18th as Nelson Mandela International day in 2009.
  • The day aims to recognize Mandela’s values and his dedication to the service of humanity in various areas including race, gender equality, conflict resolution, promotion and protection of human rights, reconciliation and the rights of children and other vulnerable groups.
  • The day also aims to highlight Mandela’s fight for social justice, fight against poverty and his contribution to the struggle for democracy internationally and the promotion of a culture of peace throughout the world.
  • Nelson Mandela had devoted his entire life to the service of humanity, as a human rights lawyer who opposed the apartheid system in South Africa as well as an international peacemaker.
  • He was the first democratically elected president of a free South Africa.

Nelson Mandela prize:

  • The United Nations General Assembly introduced the Nelson Mandela prize in 2014 to recognize the achievements of those who dedicated their lives to the service of humanity, much like he had in his lifetime.

About Nelson Mandela:

  • Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, statesman and philanthropist who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999.
  • He was the country’s first black head of state and the first elected in a fully representative democratic election.
  • His government focused on dismantling the legacy of apartheid by tackling institutionalized racism and fostering racial reconciliation.
  • Ideologically an African nationalist and socialist, he served as the president of the African National Congress (ANC) party from 1991 to 1997.
  • Mandela is widely regarded as an icon of democracy and social justice and is described as the “Father of the Nation” in South Africa.
  • Mandela received over 250 honours.
  • He was honoured with the prestigious Nobel Peace Prize in 1993 for his extensive work on social reforms.
  • In 1962, he was arrested and imprisoned and sentenced to life imprisonment for conspiring to overthrow the state.
  • He served nearly 27 years in prison before being released in 1990.
  • His efforts to end the apartheid system resulted in the first multiracial general election in South Africa in 1994, which his African National Congress (ANC) party won.

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