The International Justice Day also referred to as Day of International Criminal Justice or International Justice Day, is an international day celebrated throughout the world on July 17 as part of an effort to recognize the emerging system of international criminal justice.
- International Justice Day is celebrated by honouring individuals working to advocate the fundamental human rights of victims affected by criminal acts.
- The day brings together all people who want to support justice, advocate victims’ rights, and aid in the prevention of crime that threatens the world’s peace, safety, and well-being.
On 1 June 2010, at the Review Conference of the Rome Statute held in Kampala (Uganda), the Assembly of State Parties decided to celebrate 17 July as the Day of International Criminal Justice.
- On July 17, 1998, the International Court of Justice (ICJ), also known as the International Criminal Court (ICC), adopted the Rome Statute and the day also commemorates the adoption of ICC’s founding treaty.
- Established in 1945, the ICJ is the United Nation’s principal judicial organ.
- It is the only principal UN body which is located in The Hague (Netherlands) -outside New York.
Theme for World Day for International Justice 2021
- The theme for World Day for International Justice 2021 is ‘A Call for Social Justice in the Digital Economy.’
- This theme has been adopted for 2021 to celebrate World Day for International Justice.
- The topic is extremely relevant for this year as with the swift pace of adoption of the digital economy aided by the Covid-19 pandemic, the frequent incidents of internet frauds, breaches, and theft have also increased manifold.
About International Court of Justice (ICJ):
- ICJ is the first permanent and independent international judicial institution that is capable of trying individuals accused of the most serious violations of international humanitarian and human rights which include the crime of genocide, a war of crimes, and crimes against humanity.
- International Criminal Court (ICC) came into being when several states adopted a statute in Rome.
- This statue is known as the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.
- However, the ICC does not replace the national courts but it is available when a country can’t or won’t carry out investigations and prosecute perpetrators.