United Nations specialized agency for information and communication technologies — International Telecommunication Union (ITU) has released the Global Cyber Security Index (GCI) 2020.
- The GCI is a composite index created, analyzed and published by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU).
- ITU is a specialized agency of the United Nations.
- It measures the commitment to cybersecurity of its 194 member countries to raise cybersecurity awareness.
- The latest report is the fourth GCI edition by the ITU.
- The first version of GCI was launched six years ago.
How does GCI measure countries’ commitment to cybersecurity on a global scale?
The development or engagement of each country is assessed along five pillars –
(i) Legal measures,
(ii) Technical measures,
(iii) Organizational measures,
(iv) Capacity development, and
Then it is aggregated into a composite score.
The countries were asked 82 questions where 20 indicators were measured.
- According to a United Nations report released, India has jumped 37 places to 10th position in the Global Cyber Security Index (GCI) 2020.
Performance of India and its neighbours:
- India is placed on the 10th spot.
- In 2018, it was ranked on the 47th spot.
- It was ranked rank 47 in 2019.
- In the Asia-Pacific region India secured the 4th spot.
- Neighbours China and Pakistan were ranked at 33 and 79, respectively.
- The top rank in the GCI was achieved by the US with a score of 100.
- The UK and Saudi Arabia finished second, tied for next place with a score of 99.54.
- In the Asia Pacific region, South Korea and Singapore are on top with a score of 98.52, which ranks fourth globally.
- Other countries at the top of the index include Russia, the United Arab Emirates and Malaysia (98.06) at fifth place, Lithuania at sixth, Japan at seventh and Canada, France and India at the subsequent positions.
- Among other countries, Turkey (97.49) was ranked 11th, Germany (97.41) at 13th, China (92.53) at 33rd and Israel (90.93) at 36th position.
International Telecommunication Union (ITU):
- ITU was founded in 1865 and is an integral part of the United Nations in 1947.
- It has the widest decision-making scope among international ICT organizations with respect to issues addressed and the types of decisions made.
- Its treaties provide an international legal framework for cooperation between states, the private sector, etc.