ISRO to send Bhutan’s INS-2B satellite into space by year-end | Daily Current Affairs 2021

ISRO to send Bhutan’s INS-2B satellite into space by year-end

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INS-2B satellite of Bhutan

Indo-Bhutan Space Odyssey: Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is set to launch a Bhutanese satellite in December 2021.

Key Details:

  • The development of the INS-2B satellite of Bhutan is being underway by four Bhutanese engineers who are being trained by ISRO.
  • The space engineers from Bhutan’s department of information technology and telecom were trained from December 28 to February 25, 2021, at ISRO’s UR Rao Satellite Centre in Bengaluru.

About the Training:

  • The training covered theoretical and technical aspects and included visits to laboratories and test facilities.
  • With the first phase of the satellite development already done, the second phase of training will focus on finishing touches of the satellite.

About Indo-Bhutan Space odyssey:

  • Space Odyssey is an event showcasing India’s achievements in space technology.
  • The event was organized by the Indian embassy in Bhutan as part of India’s 75th year of Independence – ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav’.
  • ISRO’s Scientific Secretary R Umamaheswaran, who was the keynote speaker at the event, said that ISRO plans to fly the satellite by end of 2021 in the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) mission.

Background:

Indo-Bhutan Space Cooperation:

  • India and Bhutan have been engaged in space cooperation with a ground Earth station for South Asia Satellite (SAS) that was inaugurated in Thimphu, Bhutan during Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit in August 2019.
  • The SAS was launched by India in 2017 as a gift to the countries in the South Asia region, including Bhutan.
  • Under the project, New Delhi has offered increased bandwidth on an additional transponder on the satellite for Bhutan as a gift as per the country’s requirement.

About ISRO:

  • ISRO is an abbreviation for the Indian Space Research Organization. 
  • It is the space agency of the Government of India (GoI) and was formed on 15 August 1969.
  • It superseded the erstwhile “Indian National Committee For Space Research” (INCOSPAR) which was established in 1962 by the efforts of Independent India’s first prime minister‚ Jawaharlal Nehru‚ and his close aide and scientist Vikram Sarabhai. In 1972, the Government of India had set up a Space Commission and the Department of Space (DOS), bringing ISRO under the DOS.
  • ISRO then embarked on its mission to provide the Nation space-based services and to develop the technologies to achieve the same independently. Its vision is to “harness space technology for natural development while pursuing space science research & planetary exploration”.
  • ISRO built India’s first satellite Aryabhata.
  • It is headquartered in Bangalore, India.
  • The current Chairman of ISRO is K Sivan.

ISRO’s Odyssey:

  • Over 342 satellites of foreign countries were sent to space by ISRO.
  • India scripted history, as the total number of customer satellites from foreign countries placed in orbit by PSLV reached 342 from more than 34 countries.
  • On 28th February 2021, India’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle PSLV-C51 successfully launched Amazonia-1 along with 18 co-passenger satellites from Satish Dhawan Space Centre SHAR, Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh.
  • After a flight of about 17 minutes, the vehicle injected the Amazonia-1 into its intended orbit, and in the succeeding 1 hour, 38 minutes other 18 co-passenger satellites were injected in a predetermined sequence.

Note: The Aryabhata spacecraft, named after the famous Indian astronomer, was India’s first satellite. It was completely designed and fabricated in India and launched by a Soviet Kosmos-3M rocket from Kapustin Yar on April 19, 1975.

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