United Nations (UN) is observing the “International Week of Solidarity with the Peoples of Non-Self-Governing Territories” from May 25 to 31, 2021.
The main aim of observing International Week of Solidarity with the Peoples of Non-Self-Governing Territories (NSGT) is a follows:
- To take effective measures to safeguard and guarantee the inalienable rights of the peoples of the NSGT to their natural resources, including land.
- To establish and maintain control over the future development of those resources.
- Requesting the Administering Powers to take all necessary steps to protect the property rights of the peoples of those Territories.
Chapter XI of the UN Charter – the Declaration regarding Non-Self-Governing Territories – provides that the Member States administering Territories, which have not attained self-government recognize “that the interests of the inhabitants of these Territories are paramount” and accept as a “sacred trust” the obligation to promote their well-being.
- On December 06, 1999, the UN General Assembly called for the annual observance of the Week of Solidarity with the Peoples of Non-Self-Governing Territories (NSGT).
What is NSGT?
In UN Charter, a Non-Self-Governing Territory (NSGT) is defined as a Territory “whose people have not yet attained a full measure of self-government.”
- In 1946, several UN Member States identified a number of Territories under their administration that was not self-governing and placed them on a UN list. Countries administering Non-Self-Governing Territories are called administering Powers.
- However, as a result of the decolonization process over the years, most of the Territories were removed from the list.
- Fifty Four Territories acquired self-government from 1960 to 2002.
- At present, there are 17 Non-Self-Governing Territories remaining.