: International Nurses Day (IND) is a day observed every year on May 12 (the anniversary of Florence Nightingale’s birth) to honour nurses.
IND is an international day observed around the world to mark the contributions that nurses make to society.
The theme for IND 2021 is “Nursing the World to Health“.
- International Nurses Day has been celebrated by the International Council of Nurses since 1965.
- Every year, on International Nurses Day, the International Council of Nurses distributes educational and public information materials to be used by nurses everywhere.
- In 1953, a US health, education and welfare department official, Dorothy Sunderland, proposed to President Dwight D. Eisenhower to proclaim a “Nurses’ Day” which he did not approve.
- In 1974, May 12 was chosen to celebrate the day as it is the birth anniversary of Florence Nightingale, the founder of modern nursing.
About Florence Nightingale:
- Known as the Lady with the Lamp, Florence Nightingale the founder of modern nursing, started work as a nursing in-charge of the British and allied soldiers, wounded during the Crimean War.
- She was an English social reformer and also was the founder of modern nursing.
- She trained and managed nurses during the Crimean War.
- She took care of wounded soldiers at Constantinople.
- The reputation for nurses in the Victorian culture also began to increase because of her.
- She was called as “The Lady with the Lamp” because she used to carry a lamp while making rounds of wounded soldiers at night.
- She was the first person to lay foundation of professional nursing.
- She established Nursing school at St Thomas hospital in London.
- It was the first nursing school in the world.
- It is now a part of the King’s college of London.
Florence Nightingale Medal:
- The Florence Nightingale Medal is the highest international distinction a nurse can achieve.
- It is awarded by the International Committee of the Red Cross.
About Victorian Era:
- In the history of the United Kingdom (UK), the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria’s reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901.
- This era was preceded by Edwardian period and was succeeded by the Gregorian period.
- This era is characterized by a class-based society, a growing number of people able to vote, a growing state and economy, and Britain’s status as the most powerful empire in the world.