Daily Current Affairs 2021 Indian-origin researcher makes splitters for ventilator iSAVE | Daily Current Affairs 2021

Indian-origin researcher makes splitters for ventilator iSAVE

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iSAVE

A team of Indian-origin researchers in the United States has come up with splitters for ventilators that will address the shortage of life-saving equipment.

Highlights:

  • The splitters for ventilators have been named called iSAVE (Individualized System for Augmenting Ventilator Efficacy).
  • The equipment was recently approved by the Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation, Bengaluru.
  • IndVentr is the Indian partner making the device
  • The research and the findings have been published in the medical journal, Science Translational Medicine.

What does iSAVE do?

  • The equipment re-purposes the flow valves of a ventilator to provide customized support to two patients.
  • Ventilator support to groups of patients in emergencies has been tried out with limited success, as there are concerns about contamination and the right parameters of the patients being ensured.
  • Excess or too little flow of oxygen could harm the lungs.
  • The team took up the challenge when COVID-19 surged through the U.S., and hospitals struggled with a huge inflow of patients.
  • By the time the team validated its device, the flow of patients had fallen.

About the equipment:

  • The equipment can be assembled with an existing ventilator in less than 10 minutes even by an inexperienced staff member
  • The device has been validated on pig models.
  • The researchers used a large and small animal each and compared the values for individual ventilation and combined ventilation, which showed no significant changes.
  • The device is such that a small person and a large person can be ventilated at the same time, providing versatility to the equipment.
  • Training manuals and videos to help have also been prepared.”

Note: The team validated the device in India, and the first batch has been delivered to two hospitals in Kerala.

By the month-end, 100 more units will be deployed at several hospitals.

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