India, US sign two MoUs for cooperation in Health and Biomedical Sciences | Daily Current Affairs 2021
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India, US sign two MoUs for cooperation in Health and Biomedical Sciences

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4th Indo-US Health Dialogue

Indo-US Health Dialogue: Health and Family Welfare Minister Mansukh Mandaviya recently addressed the closing session of the 4th Indo-US Health Dialogue.

Highlights:

  • The 4th Indo-US Health Dialogue was hosted by India for 2 days in New Delhi.
  • It was led by Indian Delegation, Dr Bharati Pravin Pawar and by U.S. delegation, Ms Loyce Pace, Director, Office of Global Affairs at U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).
  • During the dialogue, India, US signed two MoUs for cooperation in Health and Biomedical Sciences.

Key Details:

  • The two-day dialogue leveraged as a platform to deliberate upon multiple ongoing collaborations in the health sector between the two countries.
  • During the two-day dialogue, the issues related to areas of concern pertaining to strengthening of epidemiological research and surveillance, vaccine development, one health, zoonotic and vector-borne diseases, health systems and health policies etc. were discussed.
  • Two Memorandum of Understanding (MoUs) were signed during the closing session of the two-day 4th Indo-US Health Dialogue being hosted in India. 
  • The first MoU was signed between the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare of the Republic of India and Department of Health and Human Services of the USA concerning cooperation in the field of Health and Biomedical sciences.
  • The second MoU was signed between Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) for cooperation on International Centre for Excellence in Research (ICER).
  • Other equally important areas in which both the countries can work include:
  • Management of health emergencies Mental health interventions
  • Research coupled with production related to diagnostics
  • Therapeutics and vaccines
  • In these areas, India can offer its low-cost research network as well as huge production capacities.

India and Medicines:

  • India supplies nearly all the developing world’s high-quality generic medicines.
  • India is also the largest manufacturer of anti-TB drugs. Leveraging on this capability, India can supply affordable high-quality medication for patients the world over.

About ICMR:

  • The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) is the apex body in India for the formulation, coordination and promotion of biomedical research, is one of the oldest and largest medical research bodies in the world.
  • The ICMR was founded in 1911.
  • It is funded by the Government of India (GoI) through the Department of Health Research, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
  • It is headquartered in New Delhi, India.
  • The current DG is Balram Bhargava.

About NIAID:

  • The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) is one of the 27 institutes and centers that make up the National Institutes of Health, an agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services.
  • NIAID was founded on 29 December 1955.
  • It is headquartered in Maryland, United States.
  • The current Director of NAIAD is Anthony S. Fauci.

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