India on Wednesday 15 2019, recently signed a major global anti-terror initiative called ‘Christchurch Call to action’to combat terrorism and extremism online and make internet a safe and secure place. It was initiated by the governments of France, New Zealand along with top social media companies and major tech companies at a summit in Paris after the Christchurch attacks.
The initaitive was formulated in Paris.Focusing on the spread of online terror, New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern and French President Emmanuel Macron created the Christchurch Call for Action. Along with India, 26 countries including UK, New Zealand,France, Canada,Ireland,Indonesia,Jordan,Senegal and the European Union have signed the Christchurch Call for Action. Among the social media companies and IT enterprises who represented in the meeting were Microsoft, Google, Twitter, Qwant, Daily Motion, YouTube, Twitter, Facebook and Amazon. India was represented by Secretary Ministry of Information and Technology Ajay Prakash Sawhney.
The initiative was pushed by Ms Ardern in backdrop of extremist attacks on two mosques in New Zealand city on 15 March 2019, in which a white supremacist gunned down 51 people and broadcasted live footage on Facebook.This incident raised concerns that current abuse of social media by extremists must be countered.
The main objective of this initiative is to keep check on online extremism by stopping abuse of Internet by extremists. It also calls for an open, free and secure internet to foster economic growth, enrich social inclusiveness and promote connectivity.
The circulation of such extremist content online has destructive impacts on the human rights of victims, on collective security of individuals involved as well as on all the people all over the world.
It is believed to be first document of its type like one which is signed by both major governments and private companies
It is a non-binding set of agreements to combat spread of hate and violent content online.It is believed to be first document of its type like one which is signed by both major governments and private companies. It was signed by a group of governments and major tech companies at a summit in Paris.
All signatories promised to eliminate violent, terrorist and extremist content on social media as well as other online platforms while maintaining international human rights laws.It would be completely up to each individual country and company to decide on how it would honour its voluntary commitments.
The pledge does not include the definition of ‘violent extremist content’, and it is up to individual companies to decide on what constituted objectionable material.
It pledge includes member nations to adopt and enforce laws which ban objectionable material, and set guidelines on how each countries traditional media can report acts of terrorism without elaborating them.
The pledge of the tech companies is to comply with their terms of service, and re-evaluate their algorithms which direct online users towards extremist content and at the same time commit to redirecting people looking for extremist material online.
However The United States declined to join the Christchurch call to action initiative. Following are the signatories Nations.