UN Human Rights Council: India has recently been re-elected to the UN Human Rights Council (2022-24) with an overwhelming majority.
- This decision was taken in the 76th session of the UN General Assembly.
- India has been re-elected for a record 6th term.
- India’s current term was set to end on December 31 2021.
- There were five vacant seats in Asia-Pacific States category namely Kazakhstan, Malaysia, India, Qatar and United Arab Emirates, for election for the term of 2022-2024.
- The 193-member UN General Assembly elected by secret ballot Argentina, Benin, Cameroon, Eritrea, Finland, Gambia, Honduras, India, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Montenegro, Paraguay, Qatar, Somalia, UAE and the US.
- The United States, which had quit the council in 2018 under the previous Donald Trump’s regime, was re-elected to the global rights body for a period of three-and-a-half years.
- India vowed to continue to work for the promotion and protection of Human Rights through “Samman, Samvad and Sahyog.”
- It refers to the United Nations Human Rights Council.
- UNHRC is an inter-governmental body within the United Nations system.
- It is located at the UN Office at Geneva.
- It was founded on 15 March 2006 by the UN General Assembly Resolution 60/251.
- It consists of 47 Member States elected directly and individually by secret ballot by the majority of the members of the General Assembly.
- The Council’s Membership is based on equitable geographical distribution.
- The seats are distributed among regional groups Group of African States (13), Group of Asia-Pacific States (13), Group of Eastern European States (6), Group of Latin American and Caribbean States (8) and Group of Western European and other States (7).
- The members of the Council shall serve for a period of three years and shall not be eligible for immediate re-election after two consecutive terms.
- Its main task is to investigate allegations of breaches of human rights in UN member states.
- It also addresses important thematic human rights issues such as freedom of expression, women’s rights, LGBT rights, and the rights of racial and ethnic minorities.