India Joins High Ambition Coalition (HAC) for Nature and People | Daily Current Affairs 2021
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India Joins High Ambition Coalition (HAC) for Nature and People

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High Ambition Coalition (HAC) for Nature and People

HAC for Nature and People: India, on 7 October 2021 officially joined the High Ambition Coalition (HAC) for Nature and People at a ceremony held between the French and Indian Governments in New Delhi.

Key Highlights:

  • India & French Government signed the HAC for Nature and People agreement to protect at least 30% of the planet’s lands and seas by 2030.
  • India’s announcement comes in the lead up to a high-level biodiversity meeting, hosted by China.
  • The virtual meeting will take place on 11th – 15th October, 2021.
  • It will tackle key aspects of the biodiversity treaty to be finalized in 2022.
  • The global 30×30 goal is currently a centre piece of the treaty.

About HAC:

  • High Ambition Coalition (HAC) is a group of more than 70 countries which encourages the adoption of global goal to protect 30×30 (30 percent of the world’s land and ocean by 2030).
  • HAC is co-chaired by Costa Rica and France, and by the United Kingdom as Ocean co-chair.

Members:

  • Currently, HAC members comprise of a mix of countries in global north and south.
  • Asia, Africa, European and Latin American countries are among the members of HAC.
  • India became the first emerging economy from BRICS bloc to join the HAC.

Background:

  • India’s decision to join the High Ambition Coalition for Nature and People was initiated at the “One Planet Summit” in Paris in January 2021.

Objective:

  • The main objective of HAC is championing a global deal for people and nature.
  • HAC has the central goal of protecting at the least 30% of the world’s land and ocean by 2030.
  • The 30×30 target is the global target that aims to stop the accelerating loss of the species as well as protect the vital ecosystems that are the source of economic security.

About 30×30 target:

  • 30×30 target is mainly a global biodiversity protection goal.
  • As per scientist, presently, an estimated 15% of the world’s land and 7% of the ocean are protected.
  • However, experts around the world agree that in order to prevent mass extinctions and bolster resilience to climate change, at least 30% of the earth’s lands, lakes, rivers, and wetlands must be protected by 2030.
  • Also, At least 30% of the oceans must be highly and fully protected by 2030 to help safeguard marine ecosystems and fisheries that provide jobs, food, and cultural sustenance to billions around the world.

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