ICMR releases MUDRA Toolbox In Five Indian Languages To Diagnose Dementia | Daily Current Affairs 2021
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ICMR releases MUDRA Toolbox In Five Indian Languages To Diagnose Dementia

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MUDRA Toolbox

MUDRA Toolbox: The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) recently launched the Multilingual Dementia Research and Assessment (MUDRA) Toolbox.

Key Highlights:

  • MUDRA Toolbox has been launched in order to expand the care and outreach to people suffering from dementia.
  • It has been launched in languages including Hindi, Bengali, Telugu, Kannada, and Malayalam.
  • MUDRA Toolbox is an initiative undertaken by ICMR Neuro-Cognitive Tool Box (ICMR -NCTB) consortium.
  • The main aim of this initiative is to transform India’s dementia and mild cognitive impairment research and clinical practices.
  • It is a collective effort by seven leading centres in India NIMHANS (Bengaluru), AIIMS (New Delhi), SCTIMST (Thiruvananthapuram), NIMS (Hyderabad), Apollo Hospital (Kolkata), Manipal Hospital (Bengaluru) and Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College.
  • Research paper describing the study design ‘Standardizing Dementia Diagnosis Across Linguistic and Educational Diversity: Study Design of the Indian Council of Medical Research-Neurocognitive Tool Box (ICMR-NCTB)’ has been published in February 2020 in Journal of International Neuropsychological Society.

Key Points about Mudra Toolbox:

  • MUDRA Toolbox is a comprehensive tool specifically to diagnose dementia in the Indian population.
  • The toolbox includes various cognitive tests to assess different domains of cognition such as attention and executive function, memory, language, and visuospatial functions.
  • It is sensitive to the elements affective cognitive test performance like language, culture and education.
  • The toolbox is designed to provide detailed neuropsychological profile of a patient and is a standardized measure of diagnosis for mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia.”

What is Dementia?

  • Dementia is a neurological disorder which affects the ability of person to perform activities of daily living.
  • It creates a loss in memory.

Dementia in India:

  • As per Alzheimer’s and Related Disorders Society of India (ARDSI)’s Dementia India Report 2010, there are approximately 5.29 million people with dementia in India and the number is expected to go up to 7.61 million by 2030.

About ICMR:

  • The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) is the apex body in India for the formulation, coordination and promotion of biomedical research, is one of the oldest and largest medical research bodies in the world.
  • The ICMR was founded in 1911.
  • It is funded by the Government of India (GoI) through the Department of Health Research, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
  • It is headquartered in New Delhi, India.
  • The current DG is Balram Bhargava.

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