< ICMR develops an Affordable and Rapid Diagnostic test for Haemophilia A | Current Affairs, Current Affairs 2019

ICMR develops an Affordable and Rapid Diagnostic test for Haemophilia A

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Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR)’s National Institute of Immunohaematology Mumbai, have developed an cost-effective Point-of-Care (POC)rapid diagnostic test for severe Haemophilia A and Von Willebrand Disease (VWD).

The POC test for specific diagnosis of any common bleeding disorder is the world’s first affordable test kit. As per ICMR working cost of these kits is less than Rs.50 which in comparison to the existing conventional tests available for the diseases that costs around Rs 4000 to Rs.10000 is very less.

The IMRC said that a lack of awareness, lack of diagnostic facilities and high cost of tests is leading to under diagnosis of bleeding disorders to under-reporting of bleeding disorders in India.

The new affordable and rapid POC test kit can be used for undiagnosed patients, menorrhagia cases, post-partum haemorrhage (PPH) and gynaecological complications with bleeding history and also for specific blood disorder issues.

With the help of the POC test, diagnosis can be done within 30 minutes (half an hour) of blood sample collection.

Patients with severe Haemophilia A or VWD can have life-threatening spontaneous or post-traumatic bleeding, including gastrointestinal bleeding and brain haemorrage, or may even have bleeding in joints or superficial bleeding from the nose or even gums.

Von Willebrand disease (VWD) is a genetic disorder caused by defective or missing VWF, which is a clotting protein.

According to the estimations up to 1% of the world’s population suffer form VWD.

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