Aapda Mitra Scheme: Union Minister of Home Affairs and Minister of Cooperation Shri Amit Shah released the training manual of Aapda Mitra Scheme and documents of Aapda Mitra and Common Alerting Protocol scheme.
- The training manual of Aapda Mitra Scheme was released on September 29, 2021, on the occasion of 17th foundation day celebrations of “National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA)”.
- In his address at the occasion, the minister noted that, India is moving towards creating a disaster management system to ensure than not a single life is lost, no matter how severe a disaster gets.
- On the occasion, along with the training manual of Aapda Mitra Scheme he also released the plan documents of Aapda Mitra & Common Alerting Protocol (CAP) as well.
- Foundation Day of NDMA was celebrated under the theme- ‘Stopping Impact of Disaster Incidents in the Himalayan Region’.
About Aapda Mitra Scheme:
- The Aapda Mitra Scheme was launched in May 2016 in 25 flood-prone states.
- Since then, NDMA has been implementing this central sector scheme with a focus on training of 6000 community volunteers (200 volunteers per district) in disaster response in selected 30 most flood prone districts of 25 States of India.
- NDMA and the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) and State Disaster Response Force (SDRF) are the implementing agencies of this scheme.
- Aapda Mitra Scheme will now soon be launched by NDMA in 350 districts of India.
- Under this scheme, more than one lakh young volunteers from 350 districts will be trained.
- So far, 5500 Aapda Mitra and 5500 Aapda Sakhi have been trained, who can extend help in case of disaster or natural calamity like flood in remote places.
- All these volunteers would get life insurance by the government.
About Common Alert Protocol:
Common Alert Protocol (CAP) is a disaster warning or alerting system.
- The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), headed by the Prime Minister of India, is the apex body for Disaster Management in India.
- NDMA was established through the Disaster Management Act enacted by the Government of India (GoI) on 23 December 2005.
- It is responsible for framing policies, laying down guidelines & best-practices to coordinate with the State Disaster Management Authorities (SDMAs).
- It seeks to ensure a holistic and distributed approach to disaster management.
- It is headed by the Prime Minister of India and can have up to nine other members.
- Since 2020, there have been five other members.
- There is a provision to have a Vice Chair-person if needed.
- Its vision is to “build a safer and disaster resilient India by a holistic, pro-active, technology-driven and sustainable development strategy that involves all stakeholders and fosters a culture of prevention, preparedness and mitigation”