Hindi Diwas 2021: India celebrates Hindi Diwas, also known as National Hindi Day, on September 14 every year to commemorate the adoption of Hindi in the Devanagari script as one of the official languages of the nation.
- One of the reasons behind celebrating this day is to prevent the increasing trend of the English language in the nation and to promote the Hindi language.
- Hindi is the 3rd most spoken language in the world.
Note: India has two official languages. Besides Hindi, English is also considered an official language in India.
History of Hindi Diwas:
- The Constituent Assembly of India accepted Hindi, written in Devanagari script, as the official language of India on September 14, 1949.
- Hindi language along with English was adopted out of the 22 recognized Indian languages under Article 343 (1).
- Out of the 22 languages of the 8th Schedule of the Constitution of India, Hindi is used at the Union level.
- Officially, the first Hindi Day was celebrated on September 14, 1953.
- The main reason behind adopting Hindi as one of the official languages was to simplify administration in a nation with multiple languages.
- This day also marks the birth anniversary of Beohar Rajendra Simha who contributed largely towards making Hindi the official language of India.
- Several activists, poets, and writers made huge efforts to make Hindi the official language. Among these are Maithili Sharan, Kaka Kalelkar, Beohar Rajendra Simha, Hazari Prasad Dwivedi and Seth Govind Das.
Key Points Hindi:
- Hindi belongs to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European family of languages.
- The word Hindi derives its name from the Persian word Hind.
- In the 11th century, Turkish invaders named the language Hindi, meaning ‘land of the Indus River‘.
- Literary Hindi, written in the Devanagari script, has been strongly influenced by Sanskrit.
- Its standard form is based on the Khari Boli dialect, found to the north and east of Delhi.
- Hindi is the lingua franca of the Hindi belt.
- Braj Bhasha, which was an important literary medium from the 15th to the 19th century, is often treated as a dialect of Hindi, as are Awadhi, Bagheli, Bhojpuri, Bundeli, Chhattisgarhi, Garhwali, Haryanawi, Kanauji, Kumayuni, Magahi, and Marwari.
- In India, Hindi is spoken as a first language by nearly 425 million people and as a second language by some 120 million more.
- Significant Hindi speech communities are also found in South Africa, Mauritius, Bangladesh, Yemen, and Uganda.
- Hindi day not only marks the celebration of the adoption of Hindi as an official language but also aims to honor and promote the language with several cultural festivals and awards such as Rajbhasha Gaurav Puraskar and Rajbhasha Kirti Puraskar across the country.
Difference between Hindi Divas and World Hindi Day:
- World Hindi Day, also called Vishwa Hindi Divas it is not similar to the Hindi Diwas.
- The National Hindi Day or Hindi Diwas is celebrated every year on September 14 to commemorate the day of adoption of Hindi as an official language in India on September 14, 1949.
- While World Hindi Day is observed on January 10 to mark the anniversary of the first World Hindi Conference that took place in 1975 in Nagpur, Maharashtra.
- However, both days aim at the promotion and celebration of Hindi as a language of India even if they have different histories and significance.