Hindi Diwas is observed on September 14, every year. Hindi is the fourth most spoken language in the world after English, Spanish and Mandarin. Every year on Hindi Diwas, the President of India presents the Rajbhasha awards to people for their contribution towards the language, at a ceremony in Delhi.
Hindi is an Indo-Aryan language, written in the Devanagari script as one of the official languages of India. Hindi Diwas is dedicated to promote and propagate the official language. Also, this day is celebrated as a patriotic reminder to Indian populations of their common roots and unity.
Hindi Diwas: History
On September 14, 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India adopted Hindi as the official language of the newly formed nation. The decision was then accepted and it became a part of the Indian constitution on January 26, 1950. The first Hindi Diwas was celebrated in 1953. People like Beohar Rajendra Simha, Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, Kaka Kalelkar, Maithili Sharan Gupt, and Seth Govind Das lobbied hard in favor of Hindi to be made the official language of India. Beohar Rajendra Simha is best known for his illustrations in the original final manuscript of the Constitution of India.
Hindi Diwas: Celebration
Schools and colleges in India on this day organize literary and cultural programs, competitions in Hindi where all students participate. The first Prime Minister of the country, Jawaharlal Nehru, decided to celebrate Hindi Day on September 14. Most of the educational institute’s organise poem, essays, and recitation competitions and encourage students to take part and celebrate the language and be proud of it. You can witnesses a number of literary activities as well as celebrations to commemorate the memorable day.
Hindi belongs to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European family of languages. Hindi, along with English, are the official languages of India. According to Article 343, “The official language of the Union shall be Hindi in the Devanagari script. The form of numerals to be used for the official purpose of the Union shall be the international form of Indian numerals.” Hindi was the language that was adopted by Indian leaders as a symbol of national identity during the struggle for freedom. Hindi has been used as a literary language since the twelfth century.
Source: India Today