Haiti has declared a state of emergency after the assassination of its president Jovenel Moïse by unidentified gunmen on 7 July 2021.
Interim Prime Minister Claude Joseph succeeded him as acting President.
- He was shot dead while his wife got injured in an attack on their home in the nation’s capital, Port-au-Prince.
- Moise, a 53-year-old former businessman who took office in 2017, had ruled by decree for more than two years after the country failed to hold elections.
- Haiti, a country of about 11 million people, has struggled to achieve stability since the fall of the Duvalier dynastic dictatorship in 1986 and has grappled with a series of coups and foreign interventions.
- Many people in Haiti had wanted Moise to leave office. Ever since he took over in 2017, he faced calls to resign and mass protests – first over corruption allegations and his management of the economy, then over his increasing grip on power.
- The Dominican Republic closed the border it shares with Haiti on the island of Hispaniola.
About President Jovenel Moïse:
- He was a Haitian entrepreneur and politician who served as the president of Haiti from 2017 until his assassination in 2021.
- He was sworn in as President in February 2017 after winning the November 2016 election.
- In 2019, political unrest and calls for his resignation became a crisis.
- In 2015, President Michel Martelly designated Moïse as the presidential candidate of the political party Martelly founded, the center-right Haitian Tèt Kale Party (PHTK).
- In his campaign, Moïse promoted bio-ecological agriculture as an economic engine for Haiti, whose population is over 50% rural.
- He also expressed support for policies pursued by Martelly: universal education and health care, energy reform, rule of law, the creation of sustainable jobs, environmental protection, and development of Haiti as a destination for ecotourism and agritourism.
- Moïse was awarded the Order of Brilliant Jade with Grand Cordon by the President of Taiwan, Tsai Ing-wen, in May 2018.
- Tsai commended the economic initiatives undertaken by Moïse’s government.
- Haiti officially the Republic of Haiti, formerly known as Hayti, is a Caribbean country located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea, to the east of Cuba and Jamaica and south of The Bahamas and the Turks and Caicos Islands.
- It occupies the western three-eighths of the island which it shares with the Dominican Republic.
- The capital of Haiti is Port-au-Prince.
- The currency used here is Haitian gourde.