Guinea confirms first West African case of deadly Marburg virus | Daily Current Affairs 2021

Guinea confirms first West African case of deadly Marburg virus

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Marburg virus

Marburg Disease: The World Health Organization (WHO) recently said that Guinea has confirmed West Africa’s first case of Marburg disease.

Key Points:

  • Marburg disease is a lethal virus that’s related to Ebola and, like Covid-19, passed from animal hosts to humans.
  • This virus, which is carried by bats has a fatality rate of up to 88 %.
  • The virus was found in samples taken from a patient who died on August 2 in southern Gueckedou prefecture.
  • The discovery comes just two months after the WHO declared an end to Guinea’s second outbreak of Ebola, which started last year and claimed 12 lives.
  • Dr. Matshidiso Moeti, WHO Regional Director for Africa said that the potential for the Marburg virus to spread far and wide needed to stop it in its tracks.
  • WHO considers the threat “high” at the national and regional level, but “low” globally.
  • Previous outbreaks and sporadic cases have been reported in South Africa, Angola, Kenya, Uganda, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  • But this is the first time the virus has been detected in West Africa.

About Marburg Virus:

  • Marburg virus is a hemorrhagic fever virus of the Filoviridae family of viruses.
  • It is a member of the species Marburg marburgvirus, genus Marburgvirus.
  • Marburg virus causes Marburg virus disease in humans and other primates, a form of viral hemorrhagic fever.
  •  The Marburg virus is usually associated with exposure to caves or mines housing colonies of Rousettus bats.
  • The virus is considered to be extremely dangerous.
  • Once caught by a human, it is spread through contact with bodily fluids of infected people, or with contaminated surfaces and materials.
  • The disease begins suddenly, with a high fever, severe headache, and discomfort.
  • Although there are no approved vaccines or antiviral treatments, oral or intravenous rehydration and treatment of specific symptoms improve survival rates.

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