Govt plans to set up a panel for National Employment Policy | Daily Current Affairs 2021
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Govt plans to set up a panel for National Employment Policy

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National Employment Policy (NEP)

Panel For National Employment Policy: The government has planned to set up a committee as a part of the National Employment Policy (NEP) that seeks to draw up a roadmap to improve job opportunities in the country.

Key Highlights:

  • The committee will comprise representatives from the labour and other ministries, besides prominent people from industry.
  • This committee will be a high-powered committee.
  • The views and recommendations of this committee will be taken.

About National Employment Policy (NEP):

  • The National Employment Policy (NEP) seeks to lay out a sector-wise strategy to improve the potential of job creation by drawing investments to employment-intensive sectors, policy interventions and attracting new industries by creating an enabling environment.
  • The NEP will be created based on data from five all-India labour surveys and the recently launched E-Shram portal to facilitate evidence-based policymaking for employment generation.
  • The NEP would be sent to the cabinet for approval after following due processes and stakeholder consultations.

About AQEES Survey:

  • AQEES is among the five nationwide annual surveys conducted by the labour bureau, an attached office of the ministry of labour and employment.

The other four are:

  1. All -India Survey of Migrant Workers,
  2. All-India Survey of Domestic Workers,
  3. All-India Survey of Employment Generated by Professionals
  4. All-India Survey of Employment Generated in the Transport Sector.
  5. In September 2021, the Central Government had released the results of the first All-India Quarterly Establishment-based Employment Survey (AQEES) for the April-June 2021 quarter.
  6. As per the private think tank, Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE), in April 2020, the unemployment rate had touched a record high of 23.52%.
  7. Around 121 million jobs were lost, during April-June 2020-21 quarter which is the highest ever monthly job loss on record since it started compiling employment data.

About E-Shram Portal:

  • The National Database for Unorganized Workers or the E-Shram portal was launched on August 23, 2021 by the Labour Ministry.
  • It is a platform for registering an estimated 380 million informal and unorganized workers including construction workers, gig and platform workers, domestic, street vendors, agricultural and migrant workers, and other similar sub-groups of unorganized workers.
  • The database will facilitate the implementation of policies for the unorganized sector.
  • It will help in monitoring and supervising government policies as well as ensure that benefits reach the targeted group.

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