Goa Statehood Day 2021 | Daily Current Affairs 2021

Goa Statehood Day 2021

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Prime Minister Narendra Modi, President Ramnath Kovind, Goa Chief Minister Pramod Sawant, Goa Governor Mridula Sinha recently greeted the people on the occasion of Goa’s statehood day.

Key Points:

  • Goa became a full-fledged state on May 30, 1987, and the day is annually celebrated as Goa Statehood Day or Goa Foundation Day.
  • It was on this day in 1987 Goa became the 25th state of the Indian Union.
  • Before this, Goa, along with Daman and Diu, was a union territory.

History of Goa:

  • Goa was a part of Vijayanagar Empire in 1370 and later was a part of Bijapur Sultanate as well.
  • The Portuguese conquered Goa in 1510 under the leadership of Afonso de Albuquerque.
  • After their victory over Goa, they took control of the spice trade.
  • India after gaining independence on August 15, 1947, requested the Portuguese to cede their territories but the Portuguese refused.
  • So, Goa was liberated from the colonial rule on 19 December 1961 when Operation Vijay was launched by the Indian Army which ultimately resulted in the annexation of Goa.
  • After Liberation, there was a major controversy as to whether Goa should remain a separate territory or should be merged into a neighbouring State, Maharashtra or Mysore.
  • However, in 1967, in an Opinion Poll, the only such referendum in independent India, it was decided that Goa, Daman and Diu should remain a separate entity with the status of a Union Territory.
  • Thereafter all the three major political parties, the United Goans, the Congress, and the Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party sought statehood for Goa.

About Goa:

  • Goa is a state in western India with coastlines stretching along the Arabian Sea.
  • It is surrounded by the Indian states of Maharashtra to the north and Karnataka to the east and south, with the Arabian Sea forming its western coast.
  • It is India’s smallest state by area and the fourth-smallest by population.
  • The capital of Goa is Panaji.
  • The current Chief Minister and the Governor of Goa are Pramod Sawant and Mridula Sinha respectively.

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