Prime Minister Narendra Modi, President Ramnath Kovind, Goa Chief Minister Pramod Sawant, Goa Governor Mridula Sinha recently greeted the people on the occasion of Goa’s statehood day.
- Goa became a full-fledged state on May 30, 1987, and the day is annually celebrated as Goa Statehood Day or Goa Foundation Day.
- It was on this day in 1987 Goa became the 25th state of the Indian Union.
- Before this, Goa, along with Daman and Diu, was a union territory.
History of Goa:
- Goa was a part of Vijayanagar Empire in 1370 and later was a part of Bijapur Sultanate as well.
- The Portuguese conquered Goa in 1510 under the leadership of Afonso de Albuquerque.
- After their victory over Goa, they took control of the spice trade.
- India after gaining independence on August 15, 1947, requested the Portuguese to cede their territories but the Portuguese refused.
- So, Goa was liberated from the colonial rule on 19 December 1961 when Operation Vijay was launched by the Indian Army which ultimately resulted in the annexation of Goa.
- After Liberation, there was a major controversy as to whether Goa should remain a separate territory or should be merged into a neighbouring State, Maharashtra or Mysore.
- However, in 1967, in an Opinion Poll, the only such referendum in independent India, it was decided that Goa, Daman and Diu should remain a separate entity with the status of a Union Territory.
- Thereafter all the three major political parties, the United Goans, the Congress, and the Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party sought statehood for Goa.
- Goa is a state in western India with coastlines stretching along the Arabian Sea.
- It is surrounded by the Indian states of Maharashtra to the north and Karnataka to the east and south, with the Arabian Sea forming its western coast.
- It is India’s smallest state by area and the fourth-smallest by population.
- The capital of Goa is Panaji.
- The current Chief Minister and the Governor of Goa are Pramod Sawant and Mridula Sinha respectively.