Global database I-Familia to identify missing persons launched | Daily Current Affairs 2021

Global database I-Familia to identify missing persons launched

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Global database I-Familia

Interpol has recently launched a new global database named “I-Familia”.

  • I-Familia has been launched to identify missing persons through family DNA.
  • It will help the police to solve cases in member countries.

About I-Familia:

  • The first of its kind, I-Familia is a global database for identifying missing persons based on international DNA kinship matching.
  • Building on INTERPOL’s long-standing success in direct DNA matching, DNA profiles are submitted by INTERPOL’s 194 member countries to make links between missing persons and cases related to human remains.
  • Interpol applies cutting-edge scientific research using DNA samples from family members to identify missing persons or unidentified humans when a direct comparison is not possible.
  • I-Familia has three components:
  • A dedicated global database to host the DNA profiles provided by relatives held separately from any criminal data.
  • DNA matching software called Bonaparte, developed by Dutch company Smart Research.
  • Interpretation guidelines developed by Interpol.

Aim:

  • The driving principle behind I-Familia is humanitarian.
  • Its aim is to reunite loved ones or to bring closure to cases and allow families to rebuild their lives.

About Interpol:

  • The International Police Organization is commonly known as Interpol.
  • It is ‘NOT’ a unit or part of united nation system. It is an independent international organization.
  • It is an international organization facilitating international police cooperation against cross-border terrorism, trafficking, and other crime.
  • It was founded in 1923.
  • It is headquartered in Lyon in France.
  • INTERPOL has 194 member countries, making us the world’s largest police organization. State of Palestine is its member.
  • All decisions regarding the activities of INTERPOL are made by the General Assembly which is its supreme governing body which meets annually.

Note:

  • Each country hosts an INTERPOL National Central Bureau (NCB), which links national police with our global network.
  • In India, CBI is the NCB.

Interpol notices:

  • These are international alerts/requests circulated by Interpol allowing police in member countries to share critical crime-related information.
  • There are eight types of notices, seven of which are color-coded by their function.
  • An eighth Special Notice is issued at the request of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC).

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