Interpol has recently launched a new global database named “I-Familia”.
- I-Familia has been launched to identify missing persons through family DNA.
- It will help the police to solve cases in member countries.
- The first of its kind, I-Familia is a global database for identifying missing persons based on international DNA kinship matching.
- Building on INTERPOL’s long-standing success in direct DNA matching, DNA profiles are submitted by INTERPOL’s 194 member countries to make links between missing persons and cases related to human remains.
- Interpol applies cutting-edge scientific research using DNA samples from family members to identify missing persons or unidentified humans when a direct comparison is not possible.
- I-Familia has three components:
- A dedicated global database to host the DNA profiles provided by relatives held separately from any criminal data.
- DNA matching software called Bonaparte, developed by Dutch company Smart Research.
- Interpretation guidelines developed by Interpol.
- The driving principle behind I-Familia is humanitarian.
- Its aim is to reunite loved ones or to bring closure to cases and allow families to rebuild their lives.
- The International Police Organization is commonly known as Interpol.
- It is ‘NOT’ a unit or part of united nation system. It is an independent international organization.
- It is an international organization facilitating international police cooperation against cross-border terrorism, trafficking, and other crime.
- It was founded in 1923.
- It is headquartered in Lyon in France.
- INTERPOL has 194 member countries, making us the world’s largest police organization. State of Palestine is its member.
- All decisions regarding the activities of INTERPOL are made by the General Assembly which is its supreme governing body which meets annually.
- Each country hosts an INTERPOL National Central Bureau (NCB), which links national police with our global network.
- In India, CBI is the NCB.
- These are international alerts/requests circulated by Interpol allowing police in member countries to share critical crime-related information.
- There are eight types of notices, seven of which are color-coded by their function.
- An eighth Special Notice is issued at the request of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC).