The Lok Sabha has passed The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (Second Amendment) Bill 2017 which allows detention of school students in class 5 and 8.
Human Resource Development Minister Prakash Javadekar moved the bill which proposed the amendment seeking revocation of ”no detention” policy in classes 5 and 8, enabling states now to allow schools to fail the child if he/she fails in either or both classes and withhold their promotion to the next standard.
The original RTE Act — This was one of the main components of the RTE Act which came into force on April 1, 2010 — stipulated that no child admitted in a school shall be held back in any class or expelled from school till the completion of elementary education. Moving the amendment bill, the HRD minister said that the amendment was necessary to improve the “learning outcomes”. He also said that the demands for repeal of ”no detention” policy were made by many states and Union Territories in recent years which observed students scoring “poor marks”. Replying to the debate in the Lok Sabha on the RTE Amendment Bill, 2017, Mr Javadekar said that it will be at the discretion of the states whether to continue with no detention or not. The amended Act, according to Indo-Asian News Service, will now have provisions not only for examination in both these classes, but will also extend powers to the state to hold back children, if they fail in re-examination– also provisioned in the amended Bill. According to the amendment bill, if a student fails in second attempt, he/she can be detained.