Equal Access to Green cards for Legal Employment (EAGLE) Act of 2021 | Daily Current Affairs 2021
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Equal Access to Green cards for Legal Employment (EAGLE) Act of 2021

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Equal Access to Green cards for Legal Employment (EAGLE) Act of 2021

Democrat Representative Zoe Lofgren and Republican John Curtis introduced the Equal Access to Green cards for Legal Employment (EAGLE) Act of 2021 in the House of Representatives.

A new legislation that aims to remove the country cap for permanent residency visas has been introduced in the US House of Representatives.

What does EAGLE Act say?

  • The bipartisan act seeks to remove the 7% per-country limit on employment-based immigrant visas.
  • The per-country limit on family-sponsored visas will also be raised from 7% to 15% under this act.
  • It provides for a nine-year period for the elimination of this limit.
  • The 7% limit was introduced in the mid-20th century, which has led countries with relatively small populations to be allocated the same number of visas as a relatively large-population country.

Significance:

  • It will “benefit the US economy by allowing American employers to focus on hiring immigrants based on their merit, not their birthplace”.
  • It ensures that “no country may receive more than 25 percent of reserved visa and 85 percent of unreserved visas” in the nine fiscal years.

Benefits of Eagle Act for Indians:

  • A large proportion of employment‐based visa backlogs comprises Indians.
  • The bill will be advantageous for Indian job-seekers who currently rely on temporary visas or await green cards to work in the US.
  • The new law could potentially help Indians who are not able to get green cards due to the country caps and the lottery system in the US.
  • The think-thank Cato Institute, in March 2020, had reported that 75 percent of the backlog for employment‐based visas was made up of Indians.
  • Backlogged Indian workers face an impossible wait of nine decades if they all could remain in the line.
  • It implies that more than 200,000 petitions filed for Indians could expire as a result of the workers dying of old age before they receive green cards.

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