Daily Current Affairs 2021 DRDO develops antibody detection-based kit 'DIPCOVAN' | Daily Current Affairs 2021

DRDO develops antibody detection-based kit ‘DIPCOVAN’

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DIPCOWAN

The Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) has recently developed an antibody detection kit for the early screening of COVID-19.

About:

  • An antibody detection-based kit ‘DIPCOVAN’, the DIPS-VDx COVID 19 IGg Antibody Microwell ELISA for sero surveillance has been developed by the Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences, a lab of DRDO, in association with Delhi based firm Vanguard Diagnostics Pvt Ltd.
  • The COVID-19 antibody detection kit was approved by the Indian Council of Medical Research in April 2021.
  • The DIPCOVAN kit was developed indigenously by the scientists, followed by extensive validation on more than one thousand patient samples at various COVID designated hospitals in Delhi.
  • In May, the product received regulatory approval from the Drugs Controller General of India to manufacture for sale and distribution.

Significance of the DIPCOVAN Kit:

  • The kit seeks to be very useful for understanding COVID‐19 epidemiology and assessing an individual’s previous SARS‐CoV‐2 exposure.
  • The kit can detect both spikes as well as nucleocapsid proteins of the SARS-CoV-2 virus with a high sensitivity of 97% and specificity of 99%.
  • It requires just 75 minutes to conduct the test without any cross-reactivity with other diseases.
  • The kit has a shelf life of 18 months and it is expected to be available at about 75 rupees per test.
  • DIPCOVAN aims for the qualitative detection of IgG antibodies in human serum or plasma, targeting the SARS-CoV-2 related antigens.

Additional Info:

  • The DRDO had also launched an anti-COVID drug 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG).
  • The drug is developed by the Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences of DRDO in partnership with Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories.
  • The first batch of the anti-COVID drug was launched by the Union Defence Minister Rajnath Singh.

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