The e-Committee of the Supreme Court of India recently released the Draft Model Rules for Live-Streaming and Recording of Court Proceedings and has invited feedback on them.
- Draft Model rules were released with the aim of bringing greater transparency, inclusivity and access to justice.
- The Model Rules were framed by a sub-committee consisting of judges of the Bombay, Delhi, Madras and Karnataka High Courts.
- The Rules are part of the National Policy and Action Plan for the implementation of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in the judiciary.
About the Rules:
- Draft rules excluded from live-streaming are as follows:
- Matrimonial matters
- Transfer petitions arising thereunder
- Cases concerning sexual offenses
- Proceedings instituted under Section 376 (rape) of the Indian Penal Code (IPC)
- Cases concerning gender-based violence against women among others
- Final decision on Live-streaming of Proceedings will be taken by Bench and will be guided by principle of open and transparent judicial process.
- It provides a balanced regulatory framework for live streaming and recording of court proceedings.
- Cameras will be installed in courtroom covering five angles- towards the Bench, towards advocates engaged in concerned matter, towards accused and towards deponent or witness.
- Rules employ an electronic evidence presentation system to capture an additional feed.
- As per rules, Remote-control device to pause or stop live-streaming at any time will be provided to presiding judge on bench.
- To decongest court rooms, dedicated room will be allocated within the court premises to view live-stream.
- Justice Dhananjaya Y. Chandrachud is the Supreme Court Judge and Chairperson of e-Committee.
- The e-Committee comprises of judges from Bombay High Court (HC), Delhi HC, Madras HC, Karnataka HC to frame draft live streaming rules.
Which articles grants power to frame rules?
- The right of access to justice, guaranteed under Article 21 of the Constitution encompasses the right to access live court proceedings.
- These Rules are framed by the High Court of *Judicature* in the exercise of powers under Article 225 or relevant statute where applicable, and Article 227 of the Constitution of India.
- These Rules will apply to the High Court of *Judicature* and to the courts and tribunals over which it has supervisory jurisdiction