Discovery of New Viper species in Arunachal Pradesh | Current Affairs, Current Affairs 2019

Discovery of New Viper species in Arunachal Pradesh

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A reddish-brown new pit viper species have been discovered in Arunachal Pradesh by a team of herpetologist as published in Russian Journal of Herpetology.

The scientific have named this new pit viper ‘ Trimeresurus arunachalenis’ after Arunachal Pradesh as it is the only state to have pit vipers.

This new viper species have been discovered by the research team from Pune-based Indian Instiute of Science Education and Research,while conducting biodiversity surveys in Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary, in West Kameng district of Arunachal Pradesh.
The discovery of this viper currently makes it the rarest pit viper in the world.It is a venomous reddish-brown pit viper snake with a unique heat-sensing system.

With this discovery India is a home to 5th brown pit viper. The other 4 vipers are Hump-Nosed, Horseshoe, Malabar, and Himalayan who were discovered about 70 years ago. This is a second pit viper discovered in Arunachal Pradesh after Crying Keelback, a non-venomous snake that was found in Arunachal’s Lepa-rada district in 2018.

The Vipers or Viperidae are a family of venomous shake that have relatively long, hinged fangs that permit deep penetration and injection of snake venom. It is found in most parts of the world.

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