CSIR-NIO has launched a 90 days Expedition to Indian Ocean to conduct genome and proteome mapping of microorganisms present in the seawater and sediments.
The team of researchers is led by Dr. Samir R. Damare from CSIR-NIO consisting of 23 participants from NIO that includes 6 women scientists as well left Vishakhapatnam shore on Sunday.
The group will be cruising through Indian Ocean for nearly 3 months, collecting huge amount of samples to unravel the mysteries in Indian Ocean.
The expedition will be starting from Visakhapatnam Port, going to the mouth of Hooghly, Brahmaputra and going southwards right up to 30oS latitude along 90oE.
With a fuel refill at Mauritius, the team will continue the return journey northwards coming up to EEZ of Pakistan and back to Goa. The expedition will cover approximately 10,000 Nautical miles.
The team will be cruising through CSIR-NIOs Research Vessel Sindhu Sadhana.
One of the key objectives of the mission is to identify and characterise the genes and proteins in the ocean to understand the cellular level processes occurring in the microorganisms is response.
Proteins act as markers and catalysts for the biochemical reactions occurring in the organisms existing in the various conditions in the ocean. By studying proteomics, one can understand the various cellular biochemical changes and their response to the climate change, nutrient stress, increasing pollution.
By studying proteomics, the researchers will be able to identify the physiological responses of the organisms under varying ocean conditions.
This will allow the scientists to understand cellular biochemistry and the response of ocean to the climate change, nutrient stress and pollution.
The large pool of RNA, DNA library of the oceans will be utilised for future bio-prospecting in the Indian Ocean. Rapid advances in sequencing technologies and bioinformatics have enabled exploration of the ocean genome.
Source: DD News