China recently launched a new ocean-monitoring Haiyang-2D (HY-2D) satellite into orbit.
- The satellite was launched by a Long March-4B rocket from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Centre, Gobi desert in northwest China.
- The HY-2D has been developed by the China Academy of Space Technology (CAST), and the carrier rocket by the Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight Technology.
- The HY-2D will form a constellation with the HY-2B and HY-2C satellites which will support the country’s early warning and prediction of marine disasters, sustainable development and utilization of ocean resources, effective response to global climate change as well as ocean research.
- It was the 370th launch by the Long March rocket series.
China’s Space Programme:
- The Long march rocket series has been developed by Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight Technology.
- The HY-2B was launched in October 2018.
- The HY-2C was launched in September 2020.
- China’s rover named Zhurong landed in Mars in May 2021.
- It has become the second country after the United States to have a rover on the red planet.
Note: China, on 15 September 2020 successfully launched a solid propellant carrier rocket from a ship in the Yellow Sea, China.
About China National Space Administration (CNSA):
- China National Space Administration (CNSA) is the national space agency of China responsible for the national space program and for planning and development of space activities.
- CNSA was created in 1993 when the Ministry of Aerospace Industry was split into CNSA and the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC).
- The CNSA operates three launch facilities: Jiuquan, in Gansu province; Taiyuan, in Shanxi province; and Xichang, in Sichuan province.
- Its current Administrator is Zhang Kejian.
- China Academy of Space Technology (CAST) is the main spacecraft development and production facility in China.
- CAST was founded on 20 February 1968.
- It is headquartered in Haidian District,Beijing, China.