The President of the Republic of Chad, Idriss Deby Itno, has passed away.
Idriss Deby Itno died from wounds sustained in battle after three decades in power, the Army said, opening a period of uncertainty in a country that is a key strategic ally of the West.
- He had ruled the central African nation for more than three decades and was even declared winner of the 2021 presidential election, paving the way for him to stay in power for six more years.
- Deby first won elections in 1996 and 2001. After this, he continued to win in 2006, 2011, 2016, and 2021.
- He was killed in April 2021 while commanding forces fighting on the front against rebels from the Front for Change and Concord in Chad (FACT).
- The Transitional Military Council, led by interim president Mahamat Idriss Déby, son of the late president, has assumed control of government.
- FACT was formed in 2016.
- A group of rebels split from the UFDD after a violent clash and formed FACT. UFDD is Union of Forces for Democracy and Development. UFDD is the largest group of Chadian rebel forces that operated against the former President Idriss Deby. The leader of UFDD is Mahamat Nouri.
- FACT is run by Mahdi Ali Mahamat. He spent some time in exile in France and returned to Libya in 2015.
- The founder of FACT is Jerome Tubiana.
- The group has been fighting to overthrow Deby from power. According to them, Deby’s victory in the elections held in 2016 and 2021 was fraudulent.
- FACT has deployed more than 400-450 vehicles into Chad that carried thousands of fighters.
- Chad is a landlocked country in north-central Africa.
- It is bordered by Libya to the north, Sudan to the east, the Central African Republic to the south, Cameroon to the south-west, Nigeria to the southwest (at Lake Chad), and Niger to the west.
- Lake Chad, after which the country is named, is the second-largest wetland in Africa.
- The capital N’Djamena is the largest city.
- The currency used here is Central African CFA franc.