California declares drought emergency in 41 counties | Daily Current Affairs 2021

California declares drought emergency in 41 counties

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California Governor Gavin Newsom on 10 May 2021 issued an expanded drought emergency proclamation for 41 of the state’s 58 counties.

  • He issued the proclamation citing above-average temperatures and dry conditions for April and May.
  • Newsom directed the state’s water board to consider modifying requirements for reservoir releases and take other conservation measures.
  • The declaration also gives the state flexibility in regulatory requirements to mitigate drought impacts, which Newsom attributed in part to global climate change.

About California:

  • California is a state in the Western United States.
  • Sacramento is the state’s capital.
  • California shares a border with Oregon to the north, Nevada and Arizona to the east, and the Mexican state of Baja California to the south.
  • The current Governor of California is Gavin Newsom.

Climate:

  • Although California is well-known for its warm Mediterranean climate and monsoon seasonal weather, the large size of the state results in climates that vary from moist temperate rainforest in the north to arid desert in the interior, as well as snowy alpine in the mountains.
  • All these factors lead to an enormous demand for water; in total numbers, California is the largest consumer of water on the entire continent of North America.
  • Over time, droughts and wildfires have increased in frequency, become less seasonal and more year-round, further straining California’s water security.

Fun Fact:

  • In California, the lowest and highest points in the continental U.S.—Death Valley and Mt. Whitney can be travelled in less than a day.
  • The world’s largest known tree (General Sherman Tree in Sequoia National Park), or the tallest, a coastal redwood named Hyperion is in California.
  • In addition, one of the oldest living things in the world: a Mojave Desert creosote bush, estimated to be 11,700 years of age, along with the eastern Sierras’ Bristlecone pines which are 4,600 years old can be seen here.

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