The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved the continuation of the umbrella scheme, Ocean Services, Modelling, Application, Resources and Technology (O-SMART) of Ministry of Earth Sciences for implementation during the period from 2021-26 at an overall cost of 2 thousand 177 crore rupees.
• The O-SMART scheme encompasses seven sub-schemes:
- Ocean Technology
- Ocean Modelling and Advisory Services (OMAS)
- Ocean Observation Network (OON)
- Ocean Non-Living Resources
- Marine Living Resources and Ecology (MLRE)
- Coastal Research
- Operation and Maintenance of Research Vessels.
• All of the sub-schemes are being implemented by autonomous institutes of the Ministry of Earth Sciences.
What is O-SMART scheme?
Launched on August 29, 2018 with a view to promoting ocean research and setting early warning weather systems, the O-SMART is a government scheme. O-SMART scheme also aims to address ocean development activities like technology, services, science, resources, and observations. This scheme is implemented by Ministry of Earth Sciences.
Objectives of O-SMART Scheme
The objectives of the O-SMART scheme include:
- To provide forecast & services based on continuous observation of oceans,
- To develop technologies & exploratory surveys to harness ocean resources sustainably.
- To promote front-ranking research in ocean sciences.
Significance of the scheme
O-SMART is a multidisciplinary continuing scheme. It will augment the capacity building of the nation at the international-level in oceanographic field through extensive research and technology development activities. This scheme will provide further comprehensive coverage by strengthening ongoing activities to delivering cutting edge technology which will be applicable for marine domain, understanding biodiversity towards conservation strategy, forecast & warning services etc. in next five years.