Samagra Shiksha Scheme: The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has recently approved the continuation of the ‘Samagra Shiksha Scheme’ for school education for a further five years.
- The continuation of the Samagra Shiksha Scheme has been approved from 2021-22 to 2025-26.
- This would be called as ‘Samagra Shiksha Scheme 2’
- This scheme is to be implemented with a total financial outlay of Rs.2,94,283.04 crore which includes the Central share of Rs.1,85,398.32 crore.
- It will cover 1.16 million schools, over 156 million students and 5.7 million teachers of government and aided schools.
- The 2018-19 Union Budget had announced that school education would be treated holistically and without segmentation from pre-primary to class 12.
- The Integrated Scheme for School Education, Samagra Shiksha was launched in 2018 in this context.
About Samagra Shiksha Scheme:
- The Samagra Shiksha scheme is an integrated scheme launched in 2018 for school education covering the entire gamut from pre-school to class XII.
- It ensures inclusive & equitable quality education at all levels of school education.
- This scheme was launched by subsuming three schemes ‘Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA), ‘Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan’, and Teacher Education (TE).
- The major interventions proposed under the scheme are:
- Universal Access including Infrastructure Development and Retention
- Foundational Literacy and Numeracy
- Digital initiatives
- Vocational Education
- Sports and Physical Education
- Strengthening of Teacher Education and Training, etc.
- This scheme aims on improving the quality of school education by focussing on two T’s – Teacher and Technology.
- The primary aim of the scheme is to support States in implementing the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009 in accordance with Article 21A of the constitution of India.
- This scheme was launched with the vision of ensuring inclusive and equitable quality education from pre-school to the senior secondary stage in line with the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG)- SDG 4.1 & SDG 4.5- for Education.
- The Scheme is implemented as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme through a single State Implementation Society (SIS) at the State level.
- At the National level, there is a Governing Council/Body headed by the Minister of Education and a Project Approval Board (PAB) headed by the Secretary, Department of School Education and Literacy.