FTSCs: The Union Cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, has approved the continuation of 1,023 Fast Track Special Courts (FTSCs); including 389 exclusive POCSO courts, as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) for another two years.
- According to an official release by the Ministry of Law and Justice, Fast Track Special Courts are dedicated courts expected to ensure swift dispensation of justice.
- The scheme would continue from April 1, 2021, to March 31, 2023, with an outlay of Rs 1572.86 crore — Rs 971.70 crore as central share and Rs 601.16 crore as state share.
- Central Share is to be funded from Nirbhaya Fund.
The continuation of the 1023 FTSCs aims at the following:
- Reduce the number of pending cases of the Rape and POCSO Act.
- Provide speedy access to justice to the victims of sexual crimes.
- Act as a deterrent for sexual offenders.
- To bring more stringent provisions and expeditious trial and disposal of such cases, the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2018 was enacted which made provision of stringent punishment, including the death penalty, for perpetrators of rape.
- This led to the establishment of the fast-track special courts.
- The Scheme was launched on 02.10.2019.
- FTSCs are proposed to be expanded to cover all 31 states which are eligible to join the Scheme.
- Fast-tracking of these cases will declog the judicial system of the burden of case pendency
- It currently covers 28 States of India.
- West Bengal is one of the states which has not started the scheme.