August 6: Hiroshima Day | Daily Current Affairs 2021

August 6: Hiroshima Day

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Hiroshima Day 2021

Hiroshima Day 2021: Hiroshima Day is observed every year on August 6 to promote peace politics and raise awareness of the effects of the bomb attack on Hiroshima.

Key Points:

  • The 6th of August marks the anniversary of the atomic bombing in Hiroshima during World War II.
  • The year 2021 is the 76th anniversary of the atomic bombing of the Japanese city.
  • An annual event takes place at the Galway Alliance War in Eyre Square marking the anniversary of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki by the United States in 1945.

History:

  • The Manhattan Project, commissioned by the US, created two atomic bombs.
  • The first one, called ‘The Little Boy’ was dropped in the city of Hiroshima while the second one, dubbed ‘The Fat Man’, was dropped in Nagasaki by the US on August 6 and 9, respectively.
  • On August 6, 1945, an American B-29 bomber dropped an atomic bomb over Hiroshima, Japan. The bombing killed nearly 80,000 people instantly and tens of thousands more died later of radiation exposure.
  • This was the first time an atomic bomb was used. Three days later, a second B-29 dropped another atomic bomb on Nagasaki.
  • This killed another 40,000 people.
  • These two bombings forced Japan to announce on August 15 that it was surrendering unconditionally during World War II.

Significance:

  • This day plays a significant role as it focuses on anti-war and anti-nuclear demonstrations in many countries.
  • The day also reminds the world about the need for “peace politics” to avoid any more world wars and destruction.
  • Several people also take the time to visit the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum on this day, which documents the atomic bombing of Hiroshima in World War II.

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