Muslim Women Rights Day 2021: India was observed on August 1, as “Muslim Women’s Rights Day.”
Shri Naqvi along with the Minister for Women and Child Development Smt. Smriti Irani and the Minister for Environment, Forest and Climate Change Shri Bhupender Yadav attended a programme virtually organized at the National Commission for Minorities office in New Delhi to observe the “Muslim Women Rights Day”.
Shri Naqvi said that the Government has strengthened the “self-reliance, self-respect and self-confidence” of the Muslim women of the country and protected their constitutional, fundamental and democratic rights by bringing the law against the Triple Talaq.
- The day is observed across India to commemorate the enactment of laws that protect the rights of Muslim women.
- The year 2021 marks the second anniversary of the Muslim Women Act (Protection of Rights on Marriage) passed in the Rajya Sabha.
- Ministry of Minority Affairs Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi, announced that Muslim Women Rights Day would be observed across the nation on August 1 to celebrate the enactment of a law prohibiting triple talaq.
- The legislation classifying triple talaq as a criminal offense came into effect on August 1, 2019.
- There is a significant decline in Triple Talaq cases after the law came into effect.
- Muslim women across the country have overwhelmingly welcomed this law.
What is Triple Talaq?
Triple Talaq is a form of Islamic divorce that has been used by Muslims in India, especially adherents of Hanafi Sunni Islamic schools of jurisprudence.
It allows any Muslim man to legally divorce his wife by stating the word talaq (the Arabic word for “divorce”) three times in oral, written, or more recently, electronic form.
Key provisions of the Bill:
- The Bill makes all declarations of talaq, including in written or electronic form, to be void (i.e. not enforceable in law) and illegal.
- It defines talaq as talaq-e-biddat or any other similar form of talaq pronounced by a Muslim man resulting in instant and irrevocable divorce.
- The Bill makes a declaration of talaq a cognizable offense, attracting up to three years’ imprisonment with a fine.
- In terms of allowance, a Muslim woman against whom talaq has been declared is entitled to seek subsistence allowance from her husband for herself and for her dependent children.
- The amount of the allowance will be decided by a First Class Magistrate.
- A Muslim woman, against whom such talaq has been declared, is entitled to seek custody of her minor children.
- The determination of custody will be made by the Magistrate.
Triple Talaq in Other Countries:
- Egypt was the first Muslim Nation to abolish triple talaq in 1929 followed by Pakistan and Sudan in 1956, Bangladesh in 1972, Iraq in 1959, Syria in 1953, and Malasia in 1969.
- Jordan, Iran, Brunei, Cyprus, Algeria, Morocco, Qatar, and UAE too abolished the practice of Triple Talaq.