Achieving A Clean Ocean by 2030: UN Experts’ “Clean Ocean Manifesto” | Daily Current Affairs 2021
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Achieving A Clean Ocean by 2030: UN Experts’ “Clean Ocean Manifesto”

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The Clean Ocean International Expert Group of the UN Decade for Ocean Science for Sustainable Development has come up with a “Clean Ocean Manifesto” during a three-day online conference on achieving a clean ocean that is concluding on November 19.

The United Nations has proclaimed the years 2021 – 2030 the UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development. This “Ocean Decade” is an opportunity for ocean actors for supporting efforts to reverse the cycle of decline in ocean health and gather ocean stakeholders worldwide behind a common framework that will ensure ocean science can fully support countries in creating improved conditions for sustainable development of the Ocean.

Key Points
• The Clean Ocean International Expert Group has set up two essential aims among others with a view to helping the UN achieve the goal of a clean ocean by 2030. They are:

  1. Reducing marine debris by 50-90 per cent and
  2. Globe circling & high-tech system of monitors.

• The Clean Ocean International Expert Group is co-chaired by Angelika Brandt of Germany, a southern ocean and Antarctica biodiversity expert, and Elva Escobar Briones of Mexico, a deep sea biodiversity expert.
• The group concisely outlines “the challenges and some of the opportunities that the Ocean Decade can provide for a clean ocean.”
• The expert group also underlines that, this process should aim to define and attract financial support in order to meet the initial set of goals for 2025. It should then be followed by goals of 2030.

Goals for a Clean Ocean in 2030:
The statement notes direct route to a clean ocean, highlighting following objectives for 2030:

  1. Enlarge understanding of pathways for spread & fate of pollutants,
  2. Reduce and remove top-priority forms of pollution up to 90 per cent and
  3. To prevent recurrence, reduce sources or emission of pollutants.

Three-day online conference
The three-day online conference is also highlighting around 30 activities in place or in development across the world, which can make significant contributions by 2030 to clean ocean. These include initiatives of:

  1. Successfully and consistently monitoring marine debris from space
  2. Operating deep sea observatories in Atlantic
  3. Observing vast Southern Ocean to provide early warnings of possible

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