29 of August: National Sports Day 2021 | Daily Current Affairs 2021

29 of August: National Sports Day 2021

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National Sports Day 2021

National Sports Day 2021: National Sports Day is observed in India on the 29th of August every year to commemorate the birth anniversary of Indian Hockey Legend Major Dhyan Chand Singh.

Highlights:

The year 2021 is his 116th birth anniversary.

Sports Minister Anurag Thakur launched the ‘Fit India’ app on the occasion of National Sports Day 2021.

Background:

  • In 2019, on National Sports Day, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had launched the Fit India Movement.
  • On August 6, 20221, PM Modi announced that the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award, the country’s highest sporting honour, is being renamed as Major Dhyan Chand Khel Ratna Award in the memory of the legendary Olympian, on popular demand.

Key Points: 

  • The first National Sports Day was celebrated on 29th August 2012.
  • The day is celebrated to create awareness among the general public on the importance of sports and to attract attention towards sports in India.
  • The main objective of this day is also to spread awareness about the importance of physical activities and sports in life.
  • The celebration of this day is organized at the Rashtrapati Bhavan where sports-related awards like Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna, Arjuna Award, and Dronacharya Award are distributed.
  • The National Sports Day is also called Rashtriya Khel Divas in some parts of India.
  • In 1979, the Indian Postal Department paid tribute to Major Dhyan Chand after his death and renamed the National Stadium of Delhi as Major Dhyan Chand Stadium, Delhi.

Major Dhyan Chand:

  • Major Dhyan Chand also known as the wizard of a hockey player as during his period was born on 29th August 1905, in Allahabad.
  • Dhyan Chand, who passed away on December 3, 1979, at the age of 74, was a member of the Indian Men’s Hockey teams.
  • He had an extraordinary talent for scoring goals, due to which India won hockey gold medals in the Olympic Games of 1928, 1932, and 1936.
  • His era is called the “golden period” of Indian hockey.
  • He was so passionate about hockey, which he used to practice for the game at night in the moonlight that his fellow players started addressing him with the nickname “Chand”.
  • After India’s first match at the Berlin Olympics of 1936, crowds of people started to gather at the hockey ground to watch Dhyan Chand’s magical hockey.
  • He was popularly known as “The Wizard” for his magical touch, superb control, creativity and extraordinary goal-scoring feats.
  • Hockey magician Dhyan Chand’s autobiography is titled “Goal”, published in 1952.
  • He announced his retirement from hockey in the year 1948.
  • He had scored more than 400 goals in his entire international career.
  • He was awarded the Padma Bhushan, the third-highest civilian honor, in the year 1956 by the Government of India (GoI).

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