15th East Asia Summit Energy Ministers Meeting | Daily Current Affairs 2021
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15th East Asia Summit Energy Ministers Meeting

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15th East Asia Summit Energy Ministers Meeting

15th EAS of Energy Ministers: The Union Minister of State for Power Shri Krishan Pal Gurja recently attended the 15th East Asia Summit Energy Ministers Meeting virtually.

Key Highlights:

  • The Theme of the meeting was “We Care, We Prepare, We Prosper”.
  • The meeting was aimed at coordinating efforts of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries in pursuing the goal of energy security and energy transition that will benefit the people of the region.

Key points about the meeting:

  • India established that ASEAN is a region of great importance and engagement with ASEAN has been, and will remain, a critical element of India’s ‘Act East’ policy and strategy.
  • Acting East is now a central element in India’s Indo-Pacific vision.
  • India also provided a brief status of the Indian energy transition plans, policies, challenges and efforts towards decarbonization.
  • Some of India’s towards decarbonization initiatives include the following:
  • National Solar Mission (NSM)
  • Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY)
  • Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for All (UJALA)
  • Smart City Mission (SCM)
  • FAME India Scheme
  • National Hydrogen Mission
  • Waste to Energy Projects
  • International Solar Alliance (ISA), which has more than 70 member countries.
  • As of now, India is among the world’s top five countries in terms of renewable power capacity.

About East Asia Summit:

  • The East Asia Summit, established in 2005, is a premier forum in the Asia-Pacific region dealing with issues relating to security and defence.
  • It is a forum of 18 regional leaders for strategic dialogue and cooperation on the key political, security, and economic challenges facing the Indo-Pacific region.
  • The concept of East Asia Grouping was first promoted in 1991 by the then Malaysian Prime Minister, Mahathir bin Mohamad.

Membership:

  • It comprises the ten member states of the ASEAN which are Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam, along with 8 other countries namely Australia, China, Japan, India, New Zealand, the Republic of Korea, Russia and the USA.
  • ASEAN leads the forum, and the chair position rotates between the ASEAN Member States annually.
  • India is one of the founding members of the East Asia Summit.

Note: Brunei Darussalam is the chair for 2021.

ASEAN:

  • It refers to the Association of Southeast Asian Nations.
  • ASEAN is a regional intergovernmental organisation and it comprises of 10 countries in Southeast Asia.
  • It was created on 8 August 1967 by 5 countries namely Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Philippines and Thailand.
  • The ASEAN Secretariat is located at Jakarta, Indonesia.
  • The Summit is held twice annually.
  • The First ASEAN Summit was held in Bali, Indonesia in 1976.
  • It was created with an aim to promote intergovernmental cooperation.
  • The organization also facilitates political, economic, military, educational, security, and socio-cultural integration among its members as well as in other countries in Asia.
  • ASEAN has been India’s utmost priority under its Act East Policy.
  • The 10 member countries are Indonesia, Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia, Philippines, Vietnam, Brunei, Cambodia, Myanmar (Burma), Laos

Act East Asia Policy:

  • It was announced in November 2014 as a diplomatic initiative to promote economic, strategic and cultural relations with the vast Asia-Pacific region at different levels.
  • It involves intensive engagement with Southeast Asian countries in the field of connectivity, trade, culture, defence and people-to-people-contact at bilateral, regional and multilateral levels.

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