154 cases of Norovirus cases reported in England | Daily Current Affairs 2021

154 cases of Norovirus cases reported in England

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Norovirus

Norovirus Infection: Amidst the coronavirus pandemic, a highly contagious group of the virus, Norovirus has been reported in England.

Key Details:

  • So far, around 154 cases of norovirus cases have been reported.
  • The Public Health England (PHE) recently issued a warning over the outbreak of Norovirus as it fears that most of the cases of Norovirus have been found in educational institutions, especially in nursery and childcare facilities.

What is norovirus?

  • As per the Central for Disease Control and Prevention, norovirus is a contagious infection.
  • It is a group of highly contagious viruses that cause vomiting and diarrhea.
  • It is also called the winter vomiting bug.
  • People infected with norovirus can shed billions of virus particles, but only a few of them can make people sick.

Symptoms:

  • The symptoms of Norovirus emerge within 24-48 hours of getting infected.
  • The common symptoms of norovirus include diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, stomach pain, High temperature, and sore limbs.

How does this virus spread?

  • Norovirus is highly contagious.
  • It spreads through direct contact with others who have it or contaminated surfaces.
  • Consuming contaminated water or food
  • The virus spreads in the same way as human viruses enter the human body.

Treatment:

  • Norovirus does not have a specific treatment.
  • You can usually treat it at home, with rest and lots of fluids to avoid dehydration.
  • However, doctors recommend consuming a lot of fluids to replace the ones lost from diarrhea and vomiting.
  • Consuming liquids with salts can help in the prevention of dehydration.
  • Additionally, doctors will prescribe pain medication to manage stomach pain, fever, and body pain.
  • It may be extremely unpleasant but usually goes away in about two days.

How to prevent the spread of Norovirus?

  • Washing hands thoroughly and frequently with soap and water.
  • Wash all contaminated clothes or beddings with soap or detergent.
  • Bleach in water does work to clean contaminated surfaces, such as toilets and taps.
  • If infected, avoid cooking meals until 48 hours after recovering from infection.
  • Disinfect the exposed areas with bleach-based cleaner and hot water.
  • Also wipe clean objects such as telephones, toilets, door handles, taps, and other exposed areas.

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