Rangrajan Committee retained consumption expenditure estimates of NSSO as the basis for determining poverty , it pegged the total number of poor in India at 363 million or 29.6 percent of the population.
Highlights of Report:
- The daily per capita expenditure is pegged at 32 rupees for the rural poor and at 47 rupees for the urban poor.
- Poverty line based on the average monthly per capita expenditure is pegged at 972 rupees for rural India and 1407 rupees for urban India.
- The all-India poverty line in terms of consumption expenditure for a family of five is estimated at 4760 rupees per month in rural areas and 7035 rupees per month in urban areas in 2011-12.
- The percentage of people below the poverty line in 2011-12 was 30.95 in rural areas and 26.4 in urban areas.
- The respective ratios for the rural and urban areas were 41.8 percent and 25.7 percent, respectively, and 37.2 percent for the country as a whole in 2004-05. In 1993-94, it was 50.1 percent in rural areas, 31.8 percent in urban areas and 45.3 per cent for the country as a whole.
- In 2009-10, about 91.6 million people were lifted out of poverty as compared to 454.6 million poor in 2009-10.
- The poverty rate fell by 8.7 percentage points in 2009-10 under the Rangarajan formula against a 7.9 percentage point fall under the Tendulkar methodology.