Climate change due to accelerated Green House Gases (GHGs) emission has become one of the toughest challenges for the present Deforestation and Forests are both a source as well as the most effective carbon sink, providing great mitigation and adaptation potential.
Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) under UNFCCC is a global endeavour to use carbon sequestration potential of the forests. Carbon sequestration is ecosystem services flowing from forests, in addition to biodiversity conservation; maintaining water cycle and soil fertility; livelihood supports to local communities. There is a need to recognise the carbon function of the forests and develop a fair, transparent and participatory mechanism to share the financial benefits arising out of national and international mitigation
The National REDD+ Policy aims to provide a roadmap for building comprehensive strategies for implementing REDD+ projects and programmes. The National REDD+ Policy along with the Strategies will lead to REDD+ readiness in the country and enable India to gain from international REDD+ mechanism for its pro conservation policies and efforts in future at the same time create financial incentives to local communities which are in the forefront of conservation of forests
India ranks at 10thposition in terms of forest area in the World as per Global Forest Resource Assessment (GFRA), 2010. India is one of the 17 Mega-diverse countries with 4 global biodiversity hotspots. Protected Area network includes 102 National Parks, 515 Wildlife Sanctuaries, 47 Conservation Reserves, 4 Community Reserves extending over 16 mha (4.9% of geographical area of the country).